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South Africa Gauteng Maps

Gauteng is the smallest province in South Africa, it is highly urbanised and has a population of 8,837,178 the second-largest after Kwazulu-Natal.Gauteng has overtaken KwaZulu Natal to become the most populous province in South Africa, with a total of 9.5 million people living there, growing at around 100,000 people every year. KwaZulu Natal's population has been estimated at 9.3 million people.

The name Gauteng originates from the Sesotho word meaning Place of Gold, the historical Sesotho name for Johannesburg and surrounding areas referring to the thriving gold industry in the province following the 1886 discovery of gold in Johannesburg. The Sesotho word is in turn a locative derived from the Afrikaans "goud" (gold) . The first letter of the name Gauteng is pronounced similarly to the "ch" in the German "achtung" or Scottish "loch." This pronunciation is natural in both the Sesotho and Afrikaans languages.

 
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South Africa Map Gauteng
South Africa Map Gauteng

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Gauteng's borders the Vaal River, which separates it from the Free State. It borders on North West to the west, Limpopo to the north, and Mpumalanga to the east. Gauteng is the only province of South Africa without a foreign border. Most of Gauteng is on the Highveld, a high-altitude grassland. Between Johannesburg and Pretoria there are low parallel ridges and undulating hills, some part of the Magaliesberg Mountains and the Witwatersrand. The north of the province is more subtropical, due to its lower altitude and is mostly dry savanna habitat.

The climate is mostly influenced by its high altitude. Even though the province is at a subtropical latitude, the climate is comparatively cooler, especially in Johannesburg, at 1,700 m above sea level (Pretoria is at 1,330m). Most precipitation occurs as brief afternoon thunderstorms, however relative humidity never becomes uncomfortable.

Winters are crisp and dry with frost occurring often in the southern areas. Snow is very rare, but has occurred on some occasions in the Johannesburg metropolitan area.

Johannesburg averages: January maximum: 26°C (min: 15°C), June maximum: 16°C (min: 4°C), annual precipitation: 713 mm

Pretoria averages: January maximum: 29°C (min: 18°C), June maximum: 19°C (min: 5°C), annual precipitation: 674 mm

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